Apart from the occasional poem, most of what I write is nonfiction. Creative nonfiction is a genre which is increasingly discussed – hard to define, but including narrative accounts, personal responses, place writing, reflection and imaginative explorations. This is what I have written since long before I knew it had a name!
I have long thought that the two forms of writing I engage in – creative nonfiction and poetry – are two sides of the same coin. That statement may make a bit more sense if I take you back to Wales in 1986, when I first started writing in an intentional way.
In a recent blog post I wrote about being fortunate to be part of a pilot for an A level creative writing course. The exam board commissioned leading Welsh writers to run creative writing residentials for the students in the pilot because, as most teachers were used to delivering a traditional, Shakespeare-and-the-classics English Literature syllabus, teaching creative writing was something quite new to them. Six of us from my school travelled with the Head of English, Liz Pugh, to Plas Tan y Bwlch (now the Snowdonia National Park Study Centre) for two days with, amongst others, Gillian Clarke.
A word here about Gillian Clarke. Now aged 82 and something of a ‘national treasure’ in Welsh cultural life, she had at that point recently published her fourth collection, Selected Poems (although I didn’t read her work until later). With decades of experience of teaching English and creative writing in schools and colleges, she was the perfect choice to encourage young people to explore the process of writing poetry. From 2008-2016 she was the National Poet of Wales (the Welsh version of a Poet Laureate), and as well as her award-winning poetry she has created a fine legacy in the form of Ty Newydd, the national writing centre for Wales, which she co-founded in 1990.
Back in 1986, it’s a glorious spring day, with sunshine flooding into the big lecture room at Plas Tan y Bwlch. Huge windows offer panoramic views of the valley and the wooded hills beyond, but we aren’t paying much attention, because Gillian Clarke is speaking. She has seated us – some 30-odd students aged 16-18 – in a large circle. She has a basket beside her, and from this she takes a small object, about the size of an egg. I’m going to pass this round the circle, she says. Take as long as you like when it comes to you. What I want you to do is notice. What do you notice about this object?
The object passes slowly from hand to hand, as each student holds it, turns it over, gazes at it, frowns or nods in recognition, maybe runs a finger over a detail, passes it to their neighbour. I watch them as the object makes its way to me, about two thirds of the way round the circle. Then, it is in my hands – feather light, delicate yet curiously strong, like an eggshell. The size of a small egg, and almost the same shape, with a hooked point at one end. Smooth, with hollows divided by sharp, paper-thin membranes. Notice, Gillian had said. How should I notice? I have looked at it. I have turned it over and over and looked at it from all sides. I have used touch to explore its textures and weight. I’m not going to taste it! But there are other senses I could use – maybe, if I hold it to my ear it will sing of the sea, like a shell? No. But how about smell? Tentatively, I lift it to my nose – earthy, organic, and yet almost like stone. I hear a soft hiss from Gillian – yesss. I look at it one last time, and pass it to my neighbour.
Afterwards, Gillian tells us about the object – it’s a buzzard’s skull that she found on a walk, and she has written a poem about it. But, she says, that’s not why she brought it today. It’s just a way, she says, of getting us to notice things differently. She mentions that one person went beyond looking and touching by listening and smelling (I squirm with embarrassment at this). She’s delighted – this is what she was hoping we would do. Now, she says, go away and write a poem.
As we move away, she calls me back, and we talk about the senses, and how important she thinks it is that a writer should notice differently – from a different angle, using different senses, and without what we think we know about the object getting in the way of our noticing. She is enthusiastic, encouraging. I take my notebook to a corner of the terrace and start to write – this is the poem.
The Buzzard’s Skull
This ritual is new, and yet
along the distance of my mind
I know that I remember.
The circle is held, spellbound;
the sacrament is passed from hand to hand:
a ceremony of initiation?
Blindfold and afraid, I hear
the holy word approach,
along the chain.
The object is in my hands,
stirring a memory that
my fingers cannot grasp –
a forest or a beach?
or life that lingers in my mind,
beyond (my) memory?
My fingers’ eyes have been in the dark
they are blinded by this light,
and cannot see.
Although I never saw Gillian again after that residential, I followed her career and occasionally heard her on the radio. I know that many writers were encouraged into writing by her, and I am always grateful to her for that hissed yesss that made me realise that I was on the right lines in how I observed the world around me, rather than just being weird. She made me realise that I was starting to think like a writer.
And like a writer, rather than solely a poet – because the nonfiction I write is also about noticing things differently. Poetry is about precisely that – a good poem leaves the reader thinking “wow, I never looked at it like that before” and can weave magic around the most familiar and mundane subject. Creative nonfiction, I would suggest, has a similar role – to explore the homely as well as the exotic, looking with fresh eyes and an unexpected perspective, touching and listening and smelling and tasting, and telling the stories of people, places and objects with new voices.